Childrens court magistrates views of restorative justice. A magistrate in any of victorias childrens courts can refer a young person to youth justice group conferencing, under section 414 of the children, youth and families act 2005. An act to reconstitute the juvenile justice system in this state. It introduces sweeping changes to the way in which the criminal justice system deals with young persons. Responsible minister attorney general, and minister for the prevention of domestic violence, except parts. A different way of justice the young offenders act 1997nsw deals with young people who break the law. Benefits of restorative justice conferencing your rights. While similar to that of the adult criminal justice system in many waysprocesses include arrest, detainment, petitions, hearings, adjudications, dispositions, placement, probation, and reentrythe juvenile justice process operates according to.
The report notes these cost benefit figures are likely to underestimate the actual savings to government longerterm savings diverting young people from the justice system due to participation in the youth justice group conferencing program is likely to have longer. Jesuit social services youth justice group conferencing. About restorative justice conferences your rights, crime. The group conferencing program operates as a presentence option in the childrens court of victoria. For example, in queensland, the young person, the victim if in attendance, the police officer and the conference convenor all need to agree on the content of the agreement. The youth justice conferencing scheme was established by the young offenders act 1997 as an alternative to court processing in new south wales nsw. In august 1997, the department of juvenile justice established its youth justice conferencing directorate. A restorative justice approach to deal with young offenders and victims has. We gathered data from conference case files and offending history records for 200 young offenders who were conferenced in southeast queensland from april 1997 to may 1999 to assess the impact of offender characteristics and conference features on future offending behaviour.
For more information on judicial and extrajudicial sanctions, see the following information leaflets. The effectiveness of youth conferencing laid before the northern ireland assembly under section 492 of the justice northern ireland act 2002 as amended by paragraph 72 of schedule to the northern ireland act 1998 devolution of policing and justice functions order 2010 by the department of justice. Justice model, as opposed to continental european and anglosaxon juvenile justice systems with specific juvenile courts and codes for young offenders only. You will be eligible to attend a youth justice conference. The young offenders act history and important sections. If a person is 12 to 17 years old and is charged with a crime, the youth criminal justice act applies. Family conferences first commenced from 1 january 1994 when the young offenders act 1993 came into operation. Jul 29, 2019 the young offenders act 1997 is the primary diversion legislation for young offenders in nsw. The young offenders act 1997 is the primary diversion legislation for young offenders in nsw. On completion, the individual is presented back to the pcmb to discuss progress and any outstanding areas of needrisk to inform future case management. Mainstreaming restorative justice for young offenders through youth conferencing.
Youth justice conferencing in australia followed developments in new zealand after passage of the children, young persons and their families act in 1989. Whereas members of society share a responsibility to address the developmental challenges and the needs of young persons and to guide them into adulthood. Youth justice coordinators employed by the conferencing unit are appointed under the courts administration act 1993 to convene family conferences. Diversion is used to steer young people away from involvement in the criminal justice system or. Young offenders and youth justice differs in its approach to youth crime and justice in that it is not just a collection of facts and theories about crime and delinquency, nor is it a book about delinquents or young offenders. Court at a youth justice conference a young offender, with his or her family, is brought facetoface. Youth justice conferencing you may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. New zealand and australia have the most experience with restorative justice in the form of conferencing primarily for young offenders, although conferencing for adult offenders is increasingly. Canadian young offenders law when the youth criminal justice act became law.
The process acknowledges the impacts and consequences of crime on victims and the community. In over a century of youth justice legislation in canada, there have been three youth justice statutes. Loi sur les jeunes contrevenants the act was an act of the parliament of canada, granted royal assent in 1982 and proclaimed in force on april 2, 1984, that regulated the criminal prosecution of canadian youths. Generally, the child or young person, their families, extended families, victims and their supporters, police, and the childs lawyer are able to participate in the conference. Restorative justice is an internationally recognised evidencebased response to criminal behaviour. Information about how to participate in a youth justice conferencing session which is a voluntary meeting between a child offender and the victim as an alternative to going to court. Conferencing and reoffending in queensland hennessey hayes. Similar conferences are run for adults who have been charged with or convicted of some offences. Omahony, d and campbell, c 2006 mainstreaming restorative justice for young offenders through youth conferencing. Youth criminal justice act young offenders and the criminal justice system in this brochure, masculine personal pronouns are used in order to lighten the text. Conferences could replace jail for young sex offenders. A set of amendments to the ycja was adopted by parliament in 2012. Published under the legislation revision and publication act 2002 1 south australia. An evaluation of the nsw youth justice conferencing scheme 1.
Restorative justice conferencing is a justice process used as a response to offences committed by a child. They are to be read as designating both males and females. Youth justice conferencing the childrens court may refer a young person for a youth justice conference under the young offenders act 1997. Youth justice conferencing was credited with preventing young offenders becoming entrenched in the criminal justice system and leading to a reduction in indigenous incarceration rates justice negotiation group, 2003. Provides a clear statement of goal and principles underlying the act and youth justice system. Youth under the age of 18 who are accused of committing a delinquent or criminal act are typically processed through a juvenile justice system 1. Evaluations of the young offenders act 1997 pages 2637 statistics indicate that the diversionary goals of the young offenders act 1997 are being achieved. The conference option, unlike warnings, cautions or court, helps young offenders take steps towards directly repairing the harm they have caused to victims. The youth criminal justice act came into effect on april 1, 2003. A youth conferencing program which puts young offenders facetoface with their victims of crime has been found to be no more effective than the nsw childrens court in reducing juvenile reoffending. Introduction the youth justice conferencing scheme was established by the young offenders act 1997 as an alternative to court processing in new south wales nsw.
Jun 18, 2016 we want young offenders to face up to the consequences of their actions. The act was repealed in 2003 with the passing of the youth criminal justice act. The world today juvenile diversionary program cheaper than. Juvenile justice nsw referred to as juvenile justice operates under the terms of the.
A restorative justice approach to deal with young offenders and victims has been mainstreamed through a process called youth conferencing. In the same period, 1482 young people participated in 53 youth justice conferences. The pcmb can refer the child or young person to specialist support if this is required. Juvenile justice provides a comprehensive system aimed at turning young offenders away from a life of crime. Mainstreaming restorative justice for young offenders through.
The young offenders act of 1984 and the current youth criminal justice act, unlike the juvenile delinquents act of 1908, focus on the responsibility of young persons for consequences of their behaviour except for breach of probation, federal criminal offences for young persons are the same as for adults. This paper adds to a growing body of australian research on conferencing and reoffending. This new approach offers valuable insights in terms of youth justice policy and practice to the international forum and in this chapter we explore some of its potentials and limitations. Juvenile justice, a division of the nsw attorneygenerals department, also wants young offenders who commit an act as distinct from assault of indecency to be dealt with by way of a conference. Young crime is often a phase, and locking kids up is. Conferencing emerged in 1989 with the passage of the children, young persons and their families act in new zealand. The courts and sentencing are then looked at with attention being placed on the new arrangements for holding children in custody. Restorative justice conferencing can have positive benefits for all involved. Nsw young offenders act 1997, youth justice conference, conferencing, restorative justice, juvenile reoffending introduction the principal objectives of the nsw young offenders act 1997, as stated in section 3 of the act, are to a create a communitybased response to offences involving all affected parties. The act includes four options for dealing with young offenders. As gatekeepers to these measures, childrens court magistrates play a crucial ro. The youth criminal justice act summary and background.
Prior to referral, the magistrate arranges a youth justice court advice worker to assess a young persons suitability for the program. This report describes an evaluation of the implementation of specific aspects of the scheme. The law applies to youth between the ages of 12 and 17. Restoring fair and effective youth justice the queensland. As the system stands today in finland, all offenders under the age of 15 are dealt with only by the child welfare authorities. Group conferencing is based on restorative justice principles and aims to help the young person avoid further or more serious offending. The young offenders act 1997 sets out a scheme of police warnings and cautions, and youth justice conferences that provides alternative processes to court proceedings for dealing with young people who commit certain offences. With the commencement of the young offenders act in april 1998, youth justice conferencing was introduced across nsw as an alternative to a court appearance for young offenders. The act established a new means of dealing with juveniles.
Restorative justice and therapeutic jurisprudence measures have recently been introduced into youth justice systems. The purpose of the youth justice system is to prevent offending by children and young people between 10 and 17 years old. South australia was the first australian jurisdiction to establish a legislative basis for conferencing 1993 and to use conferences routinely in youth justice cases 1994. However, in south australia young offenders act 1993 sa, only the young person and the police officer need to consent to the agreement. Youth justice conferences are based on the idea that when a young person offends, they cause hurt, loss or damage to members of the community. The directorate has been responsible for the establishment. Thats why we have reinstated an expanded court referred youth justice conferencing program to allow for increased flexibility in the delivery of restorative justice interventions as part of police referred and court referred conferencing. The conferencing unit provides statewide coverage from its base in adelaide. Young offenders act 1997 and the children criminal.74 480 1542 580 396 798 374 526 1144 369 1182 583 460 605 1096 120 986 1257 1543 1132 1172 746 1346 363 762 1236 195 457 393 1235 817 1282